MintDice is proud to bring you the fourth part of the CryptoSmarts series, a 100% unbiased/non-affiliate paid article set that will focus on relatively simple ways you can boost your privacy, take power away from overbearing governments and corporations while also doing relative good for society all at the same time with minimal effort. Rest assured that anything suggested here is solely for your own benefit. In this article, we'll take a deep dive into password managers, which applications to go for, how to optimize your password managers and which ones to avoid. It's of increasing importance for all users to adopt a password manager because commonly used passwords and repeated use of log-in + password combinations are the two weakest points in any normal individual's security online. Meanwhile, memorizing dozens of unique and complex passwords is beyond the scope of what most people can do, especially long term. Thus password managers have been created as a way to store multiple passwords into a single file that can help ensure your security and privacy online. For a little encouragement, we'll share the now extremely famous dialogue between Edward Snowden and John Oliver talking about passwords. As should be painfully obvious by now, password managers are one of the best solutions to this entire dilemma. https://preview.redd.it/ribbtjwz1it51.png?width=1000&format=png&auto=webp&s=3c3a9a31bdb8c4f9ec83bea98638fec5dd78b38f
PASSWORD MANAGER BASICS
We should first note that not all password managers are created the same as we've noted with software across all of our other articles. By and large, we'll be looking for similar characteristics in our password managers as we would our other software which includes open sourced software protocols and best software security practices. And when it comes to Bitcoin, cryptocurrency and your entire life's work on the internet, there is a lot at stake here. I'd argue that it is more important for password managers than for any other application to make sure to get this one correct since it will have your entire livelihood on the line. The very amazing thing with demanding open sourced software for your password manager is that it by definition will also be free at the most basic level. This is because if it weren't, all it would take would be someone to fork over a program to make it free. So you are in a sense getting the best of both worlds here; a free software that is also of the highest quality. Meanwhile, ironically, many of the more commonly known password managers like Dashlane or Lastpass use closed source software and often charge fees to use their service. Funnily enough, Lastpass, the password manager itself, was actually formerly hacked in the past. One could argue this at least in part had to do with it's closed source software since having open sourced software at least in part makes software more secure. In short, do not used these closed source services that are frequently advertised for on the web as they are detrimental to you in more ways than one.
RECOMMENDED BEST PASSWORD MANAGERS
Bitwarden is our first recommendation. Bitwarden is truly one of the all time greats by approaching password management on the individual, team and even enterprise level to create a one size fits all solution. Bitwarden is compatible on virtually all devices out there from all desktops to mobile devices and so forth. Additionally, while they offer a centralized cloud service for free, Bitwarden is also set up to allow you to run your own private server to keep your own key base entirely under your own control, fully encrypted. https://preview.redd.it/zmlkf5d12it51.jpg?width=770&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=02998b777d05ab00557a97c616a4b0d505b324aa Next up we have KeePassXC which is a fork of one of the longest standing password managers in existence, formerly known as KeePass that halted a lot of it's ongoing development some time ago. KeePassXC was created as a locally held password manager application that could work across platforms. Unlike Bitwarden where your key file is held in cloud storage, KeePassXC is simply a program client and a local file that you must maintain and backup yourself. This has some pros and cons. The good news is that you have full control of everything related to KeePassXC as the program under most situations will not be talking to any online server which could expose private or sensitive information. The bad news is that if you ever were to lose control of your key file, you are completely out of luck. For this reason, it's imperative to back up your encrypted key file in multiple locations to protect against what would be catastrophic loss. You can do this with USB drives, e-mail accounts, cloud storage, safe deposit boxes or a whole host of other creative solutions that you might come up with. The final recommended option is LessPass. LessPass is very interesting technology because it is a no-knowledge password manager. By inputting a few pieces of information which could be a master password in conjunction with an e-mail address or user name, a password is automatically attached to any URL address. It will simply cross all of these pieces of information via PBKDF2 and SHA-256 to produce random yet consistent outputs for any of your web browsing. The advantage of this program is that it is extremely light weight, and so long as you can remember your e-mail address, account name and master password, you can now gain full access to everything around the internet without the need of any files. The downside is some level of control over password flexibility since the passwords are automatically generated for you. In summation of these three options, BitWarden is the best overall password manager for most people's use cases. Meanwhile, LessPass is probably best suited for the most casual user who contains fewer accounts across the internet and wants something extremely simple and easy to use. Lastly, KeePassXC, will be the ultimate in privacy password manager technology and is best suited for those that are prepared to take the extra steps to ensure their key file is kept up to date as the months and years tick by. https://preview.redd.it/r4icjup22it51.jpg?width=1920&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=622cf1b967ec5622e3feb2b49e5ac29917629cdf
BEST PRACTICES WITH YOUR NEW PASSWORD MANAGER
Once you have chosen a password manager from the above list, it will be important to change all of your account passwords one by one to incorporate it into your new system. This will help you get away from your commonly used log-in and password combinations and over to your new, more secure and robust set up. With your new set up, if you have a key file to back up, you must now start getting in the habit of doing so, especially after major or important changes to your password manager. Or if you wish to use BItWarden with a private cloud server, make sure that that is fully set up and running. Generally speaking, when choosing password length from your password manager for standard and robust security, 25 random characters, letters (and symbols if you wish, but they aren't necessary), is mostly considered to be uncrackable. This is because while every password is in theory beatable, it takes dramatically more computational energy over time to figure out what your password is, and at some point, it becomes unreasonable. That said, NSA grade security often holds itself up to 50 random characters which is considered to be unbreakable even on a government wide scale. On that same token, you'll have to use a master password for your password manager. Given that you only need to know one password, it will now be extremely important to make this a very good password. Because a password that you need to remember most likely won't (or perhaps shouldn't) be completely random so that it's easy to remember, it should, at the very least, be long. I would suggest making sure that you come up with a master password that is at least 40 characters long or 125 bits of information. To check out how many bits of entropy your master password is, you can type it into the password field of KeePassXC and it will tell you roughly how secure your master password is. While 40 characters may seem like a lot, do keep in mind that this is now the only gateway between yourself and all of your access keys to all of your accounts held on this account. Bits of Entropy Example on KeePassXC Finally, it is worth investing in a YubiKey or similar 2-FA device if you can get one. This can apply to BitWarden and KeePassXC. With the normal password managers, a hacker will need access to not only your password but also your key file in order to have free reign over all of your accounts. However, a sophisticated hacker that has full access to your device with a keylogger could ultimately, in theory, compromise your full set up, and this would be disastrous for you. Fortunately, this can be resolved by buying and activating a Yubikey or other such device. The Yubikey example requires that a Yubikey, with a private key that you set up for your password manager, is present to access your database. Therefore, even if a hacker were to obtain your key file and your master password, they still won't be able gain access to your account. As a precaution, however, if you lose access to your Yubikey and/or private key, you too, will be locked out. Therefore, it is important to keep your Yubikey backed up and to keep extra copies available.
Owning Bitcoin or other cryptocurrencies comes with a lot of responsibility if you want to minimize risk. As does maintaining a strong hack-resistant presence online. One of the best defenses you can make is by implementing a password manager. Similar to the previous CryptoSmarts articles that we have written prior, it will take some small amount of set up work to get fully acclimated to your new system, but you'll thank yourself down the road that you have done this. And the sooner you start, the better, as things will only continue to get more complex, with more risk factors at play as the internet plays an ever increasing role in all of our day to day lives. Finally, while the article is current as of the writing of the article, it will undoubtedly lose merit over time. Be sure to check if everything in this article is up to date or that any password manager that you select from this article continues development or continues to abide by the proper best practice principles. If you enjoyed this article, we would encourage you to check out our other previous CryptoSmarts articles discussing private e-mails, secure messenger applications and proper web browsers.
CET115-2020 Moreno Arevalo, Carlos Alberto MA14027 Capitulos analizados : 1 - 3.12. Que es el dinero y cómo ha evolucionado hasta llegar a BTC Se dice que el dinero es el común denominador de la vida moderna, es una fuerza invisible que permite intercambiar los bienes y servicios de la comunidad en una forma ágil y precisa, es un poder natural, una necesidad, es el lenguaje universal que todos queremos dominar. El Dinero es el medio que permite en todo tipo de sociedad, que se practique en alto grado la división del trabajo, al permitir tanto que los bienes terminados, como los que se encuentran en proceso de producción sean intercambiados uno por otro. El termino bitcoin tiene su origen en 2009, cuando fue creada por Satoshi Nakamoto (pseudónimo de su autor o autores), quien la creó con el objetivo de que fuera utilizada para hacer compras únicamente a través de Internet. El mismo documento al que hacíamos referencia anteriormente del Banco de España amplía este objetivo: “Bitcoin nace con ambiciones elevadas: proporcionar a los ciudadanos un medio de pago que posibilite la ejecución de transferencias de valor rápidas, a bajo coste y que, además, no pueda ser controlado ni manipulado por gobiernos, bancos centrales o entidades financieras”. Hoy en dia han aparecido nuevas maneras de relacionarnos con el dinero que han acabado extendiéndose y consolidándose como medios de intercambio que muchas empresas y particulares aceptan y dan por válidos. Las criptomonedas son un tipo de moneda digital que utiliza un cifrado digital en sus operaciones, como las transferencias de dinero o el pago de un determinado producto o servicio. A diferencia de las monedas tradicionales, este tipo de dinero solo existe en la web, y todo se maneja digitalmente. Que es el Bitcoin y cómo fue creado El bitcoin es una moneda virtual, independiente y descentralizada, puesto que no está controlada por ningún Estado, institución financiera, banco o empresa. Se trata de una moneda intangible, aunque puede ser utilizada como medio de pago igual que el dinero físico. En 2009, Satoshi Nakamoto publicó un software (o un protocolo de código abierto) y un documento de nueve páginas que explicaba su funcionamiento. Este protocolo hacía posible llevar un registro confiable de todas las transacciones que ocurrían entre las personas que usaban este software. Lo que se transaría eran bitcoins (con b minúscula nos referimos a la moneda y con B mayúscula a la tecnología), y al registro lo llamó Blockchain. Es así como nace la primera moneda nativa de internet, que no tiene ni tendrá forma física; que no depende de ningún gobierno, banco central, o empresa; y que es 100% global, transformándola en la moneda perfecta para esta nueva era digital. Manejo de las transacciones, ventajas y desventajas en la red BTC Una transacción con Bitcoin es simplemente una transferencia de valor entre dos wallets, la cual queda grabada en la Blockchain (cadena de bloques, en español). Para enviar dinero desde una wallet, el emisario debe firmar la transacción con su clave privada, como prueba de que es el propietario de los fondos. Bitcoin (BTC) ha aumentado su presencia en los últimos años. A pesar de haber crecido en muchos aspectos, las transacciones siempre serán clave para su sistema operativo. Para poder entender cómo funcionan las transacciones con BTC, será mejor que primero nos hagamos una idea de como es esta criptomoneda. Imagina que quieres enviarle dinero a un amigo tuyo. Si eliges hacerlo con Bitcoin, la transacción tendrá 3 partes:
Una entrada: Un registro de tu dirección.
Una cantidad: La cantidad específica de BTC que quieres enviar.
Una salida: La clave pública de tu amigo o la dirección de su wallet (billetera, en español) de Bitcoin.
Para poder enviar Bitcoin, necesitarás tener acceso a las claves públicas y privadas que están asociadas a la cantidad específica de Bitcoin que quieres enviar. Esencialmente, una persona que tiene BTC, tiene dos tipos de claves, que son:
Una clave pública a la que se han enviado Bitcoin previamente.
Una clave privada que permite que estos Bitcoin puedan ser enviados a otro sitio.
Ventajas del Bitcoin
Los pagos que se realizan en criptodivisas se formalizan de forma instantánea.
no existen intermediarios.
Las transacciones se realizan de una persona a otra.
La realización de los pagos mediante criptomonedas es muy sencilla, mediante el escáner de código QR.
Se puede realizar desde cualquier móvil con Internet.
Se pueden utilizar desde cualquier país.
Desventajas del bitcoin
Es necesario tener Internet para acceder a ellas
Para que se pueda generalizar el uso,es necesario que se extienda de forma significativa una moneda en particular. (Bitcoin es más común).
Uno de las amenazas de las criptodivisas son las computadoras cuánticas que, aunque todavía no se encuentran en el mercado, presenta serios riesgos para este tipo de monedas electrónicas.
El precio está únicamente fijado por la ley de la oferta y la demanda.
Existen países en lo que se encuentran prohibidas algunas monedas virtuales
Las monedas virtuales solo existen de forma digital.
La banca y el acceso ella. En el paso del tiempo la banca no ha variado mucho que se diga. Todo esto se debe a que internamente no esta muy actualizado a nivel de sus mecanismos como para ir a la par de la Era Digital, en otras palabras no se ha diversificado para expandirse. Existen muchos habitantes que en la actualidad no son parte de la banca y a decir verdad esta banca se caracteriza por tener ingresos muy altos y por ende genera, en muchas ocasiones, separación entre clases, que prácticamente esto se puede traducir que para cuando queremos hacer transacciones con el resto del mundo, hay menos libertad para ello. Con la llegada del Bitcoin acerca la banca todo el mundo para que sea una manera estándar para todos. Por eso es que Bitcoin es un intermediaron entre el dinero como tal y las personas con el acceso desde un teléfono móvil y al internet poder hacer transacciones muy eficaces. Privacidad en la red BTC El famoso Bitcoin se creo para que las transferencias realizadas por las personas de hoy en dia se hagan con una confidencialidad y privacidad muy fuerte, aunque no es anonima totalmente. Cuando se usa el bitcoin hay registros que quedan publicos por obligacion, sin embargo la informacion de los usuarios que estan detras permanece privada. Lo que se trata de decir es que cuando se explora el ambito contable o similares, los datos personales como los nombres o refencias geograficas, aun asi, si otra persona hace una transaccion con la misma direccion se hara evidente que es la misma persona que antes uso esa direccion asi que hay colision de datos y por ende hay perdida de carácter privado en bitcoin. Conclusiones. Bitcoin surgio y a medida la era digital asi que se podria decir que sera permanente. Por su independencia de pais o de algun banco, en algun momento de cirsis economica se puede utilizar como moneda alterna o de respaldo ya que se ha llegado a convertir en una herramienta de inversion del dinero muy importante. La estabilidad y confianza que genera el Bitcoin se ha potenciado mucho mas en estos dias que el Hacking ha crecido y no ha sido burlado en su seguridad hasta hoy en dia.
MintDice is proud to bring you the second part of the CryptoSmarts series, a 100% unbiased/non-affiliate paid article set that will focus on relatively simple ways you can boost your privacy, take power away from overbearing governments and corporations while also doing relative good for society all at the same time with minimal effort. Rest assured that anything suggested here is solely for your own benefit. It's important for cryptocurrency users to take security and privacy seriously because it can have catastrophic consequences if they were to become hacked or compromised in some way. Therefore, we are giving users a serious in depth guide to improving their day to day internet security. The second part of the series will look at a variety of secure messaging applications for you to choose from. Each may have their own niche or specialization that can fit your personal needs. Often times, it's good to have more than one of these applications for broader purposes. Read the whole article here.
FBI arrestó a principales sospechosos de robo de cuentas en Twitter y robo de bitcoins
La detención se dio en La Florida, Estados Unidos, y se trata de Graham Clark (17 años), Nima Fazeli y Mason John Sheppard. En el caso de Clark se buscará juzgarlo como adulto. Recordemos que este hackeo es considerado el más grande en la historia de esta red social y terminó usando cuentas de personajes como Elon Musk, Warren Buffet, Kanye West, Joe Biden y el ex presidente Barack Obama, para generar un engaño y robar bitcoins. Te contamos todos los detalles. https://preview.redd.it/i34dsmaf5te51.jpg?width=987&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=61eabf7b2b79854a3ca9437d792c28528bb147cf Agosto 3.- El FBI dio a conocer que arrestó a los tres principales sospechosos de mayor ataque hacker sobre Twitter, ocurrido el pasado 15 de julio y que terminó haciéndose con el control de cuentas de personajes famosos como Elon Musk, Warren Buffet, Kanye West, Joe Biden y el ex presidente Barack Obama, para generar un engaño y robar bitcoins Se trata de Graham Clark (17 años), Nima Fazeli y Mason John Sheppard. Clark fue arrestado el pasado viernes. El fiscal estatal Andrew Warren presentó 30 cargos por delitos graves, incluidos fraude organizado, fraude de comunicaciones, uso fraudulento de información personal y acceso a computadoras o dispositivos electrónicos sin autorización, informaron las autoridades. El comunicado federal informa que también acusan a Nima Fazeli y Mason John Sheppard de: “ayudar en el acceso intencional de una computadora protegida y conspirar para cometer fraude electrónico y lavado de dinero, según las denuncias penales”. El fiscal Warren informó que tiene la intención de llevar a Clark a juicio, de 17 años, como adulto. La ley de Florida, estado donde se dieron las detenciones, permite que los menores sean acusados como adultos en algunos casos de fraude financiero. Debe recordarse que 130 cuentas se vieron comprometidas, según informe de Twitter. ¿En qué consistía la estafa con Bitcoin? Todas las cuentas tuitearon la promesa de duplicar bitcoins de los remitentes, si los enviaban a una dirección específica. Los hackers lograron alrededor de 120,000 dólares. El ataque que se extendió durante horas, dejó al descubierto las amplias brechas de seguridad de la red social, y llevó al CEO de Twitter, Jack Dorsey, a testificar ante una audiencia antimonopolio en el Congreso de Estados Unidos. Estamentos como: La Oficina Federal de Investigaciones, el Servicio de Impuestos Internos, el Servicio Secreto de los Estados Unidos, Las fuerzas del orden público de Florida y la Oficina del Fiscal de los Estados Unidos, para el Distrito Norte de California ayudaron en la investigación, según el comunicado de prensa del fiscal Warren. Twitter dio más detalles sobre cómo ocurrió el ataque: “El ataque del 15 de julio de 2020 tuvo como objetivo un pequeño número de empleados a través de un ataque telefónico de phishing”, informó la compañía. “Este ataque se basó en un intento significativo y concertado de engañar a ciertos empleados y explotar las vulnerabilidades humanas para obtener acceso a nuestros sistemas internos”. En los días posteriores al pirateo, los informes de numerosos puntos de venta no solo siguieron el flujo de hacia dónde se dirigía el dinero, al rastrear la billetera de bitcoin a la que se enviaron los fondos, sino que también comenzaron a relatar la historia detrás del pirateo. Numerosos hackers identificaron a “Kirk”, como el usuario que estaba vendiendo el acceso a un panel de administración de Twitter. El hacker usó la herramienta para restablecer las direcciones de correo electrónico asociadas de las cuentas afectadas para dificultar que el propietario recuperara el control. Con esta estrategia puso a rodar la bola que terminó en la estafa que ya conocemos. Impacto de hackeo en twitter En un esfuerzo por detener a los piratas informáticos, ese 15 de julio, Twitter bloqueó algunas cuentas verificadas, impidiéndoles cambiar su contraseña o poder tuitear. Cuentas destacadas de todo orden, tanto informativo, económico y político no recuperaron capacidad de tuitear nuevamente hasta el jueves 23 de julio, más de una semana después del hack. Con el acceso que aparentemente tenían los hackers, los expertos en seguridad estaban particularmente preocupados por la seguridad de las cuentas que respondían a mensajes directos. El día después del ataque, el senador Ron Wyden informó que se reunió con Dorsey en privado en 2018 y discutió la implementación del cifrado de extremo a extremo de los mensajes directos de los usuarios. Wyden indicó que Dorsey le dijo en ese momento que Twitter estaba trabajando en DM cifrados, pero para 2020, estaba claro que la compañía no había entregado resultados. Twitter dijo anteriormente que los atacantes descargaron información de la cuenta de ocho víctimas, aunque ninguna de esas víctimas fue verificada. Reuters también informó que más de 1,000 empleados y contratistas, o casi una quinta parte de la compañía, tenían acceso a las herramientas que se usaron para acceder a las cuentas. “Nos quedamos atrás, tanto en nuestras protecciones contra la ingeniería social de nuestros empleados como en las restricciones en nuestras herramientas internas”, dijo Dorsey a los inversores en su momento. Dado que el FBI estuvo en el caso desde el principio, como informaron los medios de manera generalizada el control de la situación fue más caótico. Esto no solo repercutió en la reputación de Twitter como marca, pasadas las horas la acción del gigante tecnológico caía un 3%. Seguridad en manos del usuario La noticia del arresto de los piratas informáticos, seguramente dará como resultado la condena de los sospechosos en virtud de los cargos y pruebas que dice tener el fiscal Warren. Sin embargo, el impacto más severo lo están resintiendo las redes sociales, en especial Twitter que tendrá que responder ante el Congreso de los Estados Unidos por la brecha tecnológica y la seguridad de sitios encargados de almacenar criptomonedas tendrá que ser puesta a punto para minimizar el impacto de estos percances. El esquema de esta estafa no fue usar alta tecnología para entrar a robar las cuentas, fue por medio de ingeniería social, como lo informó Twitter para acceder a usuarios maestros y desde allí iniciar el ataque. Esto deja en claro un par de situaciones: Twitter no ha hecho caso a los llamados de implementar los recursos de cifrado de extremo a extremo y los usuarios deben aprender a manejar con mayor sensatez sus redes sociales. Por lo tanto, al final de toda esa jornada de estafa, estaban los usuarios que podían decidir si creer o no que duplicarían sus recursos de un momento a otro tan solo con entregar sus datos. Las advertencias en Internet no faltan y existe cada vez más modelos para el cuidado de nuestra seguridad en línea. El engaño y estafa no desaparecerán, lo más importante entonces es reducir el riesgo de caer en los modelos diseñados para engañarnos, y la seguridad en red, depende de la capacidad que tengamos para permitir o no estafas. Faswet, seguridad y compromiso con sus usuarios Si bien este caso ha sido el más grave para Twitter no será el último a pesar de que cada día más crece la capacidad de defensa y cuidado en redes sociales. Las elecciones que hacemos son en extremo importante y saber qué tipo de plataformas nos brindan las mejores herramientas para cuidad nuestra información y recursos hace parte de la tarea en el cuidado de la seguridad. Faswet usa una blockchain propia que les permite a los usuarios contar con el respaldo de una robusta infraestructura, al tiempo que se rige bajo protocolos de cuidado como el sistema antilavado de dinero y KYC. No corras riesgos, usa Faswet: https://faswet.com/es
Detuvieron a 3 sospechosos acusados de robo de Bitcoin por medio de Twitter
https://preview.redd.it/bn0hbv0q5te51.jpg?width=987&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=cbb6c8020f75e31f3ac6f5e546006bea245b49a5 El FBI dio a conocer que arrestó a los tres principales sospechosos de mayor ataque hacker sobre Twitter, ocurrido el pasado 15 de julio y que terminó haciéndose con el control de cuentas de personajes famosos como Elon Musk, Warren Buffet, Kanye West, Joe Biden y el ex presidente Barack Obama, para generar un engaño y robar bitcoins Se trata de Graham Clark (17 años), Nima Fazeli y Mason John Sheppard. Clark fue arrestado el pasado viernes. El fiscal estatal Andrew Warren presentó 30 cargos por delitos graves, incluidos fraude organizado, fraude de comunicaciones, uso fraudulento de información personal y acceso a computadoras o dispositivos electrónicos sin autorización, informaron las autoridades. El comunicado federal informa que también acusan a Nima Fazeli y Mason John Sheppard de: “ayudar en el acceso intencional de una computadora protegida y conspirar para cometer fraude electrónico y lavado de dinero, según las denuncias penales”. El fiscal Warren informó que tiene la intención de llevar a Clark a juicio, de 17 años, como adulto. La ley de Florida, estado donde se dieron las detenciones, permite que los menores sean acusados como adultos en algunos casos de fraude financiero. Debe recordarse que 130 cuentas se vieron comprometidas, según informe de Twitter. ¿En qué consistía la estafa con Bitcoin? Todas las cuentas tuitearon la promesa de duplicar bitcoins de los remitentes, si los enviaban a una dirección específica. Los hackers lograron alrededor de 120,000 dólares. El ataque que se extendió durante horas, dejó al descubierto las amplias brechas de seguridad de la red social, y llevó al CEO de Twitter, Jack Dorsey, a testificar ante una audiencia antimonopolio en el Congreso de Estados Unidos. Estamentos como: La Oficina Federal de Investigaciones, el Servicio de Impuestos Internos, el Servicio Secreto de los Estados Unidos, Las fuerzas del orden público de Florida y la Oficina del Fiscal de los Estados Unidos, para el Distrito Norte de California ayudaron en la investigación, según el comunicado de prensa del fiscal Warren. Twitter dio más detalles sobre cómo ocurrió el ataque: “El ataque del 15 de julio de 2020 tuvo como objetivo un pequeño número de empleados a través de un ataque telefónico de phishing”, informó la compañía. “Este ataque se basó en un intento significativo y concertado de engañar a ciertos empleados y explotar las vulnerabilidades humanas para obtener acceso a nuestros sistemas internos”. En los días posteriores al pirateo, los informes de numerosos puntos de venta no solo siguieron el flujo de hacia dónde se dirigía el dinero, al rastrear la billetera de bitcoin a la que se enviaron los fondos, sino que también comenzaron a relatar la historia detrás del pirateo. Numerosos hackers identificaron a “Kirk”, como el usuario que estaba vendiendo el acceso a un panel de administración de Twitter. El hacker usó la herramienta para restablecer las direcciones de correo electrónico asociadas de las cuentas afectadas para dificultar que el propietario recuperara el control. Con esta estrategia puso a rodar la bola que terminó en la estafa que ya conocemos. Impacto de hackeo en twitter En un esfuerzo por detener a los piratas informáticos, ese 15 de julio, Twitter bloqueó algunas cuentas verificadas, impidiéndoles cambiar su contraseña o poder tuitear. Cuentas destacadas de todo orden, tanto informativo, económico y político no recuperaron capacidad de tuitear nuevamente hasta el jueves 23 de julio, más de una semana después del hack. Con el acceso que aparentemente tenían los hackers, los expertos en seguridad estaban particularmente preocupados por la seguridad de las cuentas que respondían a mensajes directos. El día después del ataque, el senador Ron Wyden informó que se reunió con Dorsey en privado en 2018 y discutió la implementación del cifrado de extremo a extremo de los mensajes directos de los usuarios. Wyden indicó que Dorsey le dijo en ese momento que Twitter estaba trabajando en DM cifrados, pero para 2020, estaba claro que la compañía no había entregado resultados. Twitter dijo anteriormente que los atacantes descargaron información de la cuenta de ocho víctimas, aunque ninguna de esas víctimas fue verificada. Reuters también informó que más de 1,000 empleados y contratistas, o casi una quinta parte de la compañía, tenían acceso a las herramientas que se usaron para acceder a las cuentas. “Nos quedamos atrás, tanto en nuestras protecciones contra la ingeniería social de nuestros empleados como en las restricciones en nuestras herramientas internas”, dijo Dorsey a los inversores en su momento. Dado que el FBI estuvo en el caso desde el principio, como informaron los medios de manera generalizada el control de la situación fue más caótico. Esto no solo repercutió en la reputación de Twitter como marca, pasadas las horas la acción del gigante tecnológico caía un 3%. Seguridad en manos del usuario La noticia del arresto de los piratas informáticos, seguramente dará como resultado la condena de los sospechosos en virtud de los cargos y pruebas que dice tener el fiscal Warren. Sin embargo, el impacto más severo lo están resintiendo las redes sociales, en especial Twitter que tendrá que responder ante el Congreso de los Estados Unidos por la brecha tecnológica y la seguridad de sitios encargados de almacenar criptomonedas tendrá que ser puesta a punto para minimizar el impacto de estos percances. El esquema de esta estafa no fue usar alta tecnología para entrar a robar las cuentas, fue por medio de ingeniería social, como lo informó Twitter para acceder a usuarios maestros y desde allí iniciar el ataque. Esto deja en claro un par de situaciones: Twitter no ha hecho caso a los llamados de implementar los recursos de cifrado de extremo a extremo y los usuarios deben aprender a manejar con mayor sensatez sus redes sociales. Por lo tanto, al final de toda esa jornada de estafa, estaban los usuarios que podían decidir si creer o no que duplicarían sus recursos de un momento a otro tan solo con entregar sus datos. Las advertencias en Internet no faltan y existe cada vez más modelos para el cuidado de nuestra seguridad en línea. El engaño y estafa no desaparecerán, lo más importante entonces es reducir el riesgo de caer en los modelos diseñados para engañarnos, y la seguridad en red, depende de la capacidad que tengamos para permitir o no estafas. Faswet, seguridad y compromiso con sus usuarios Si bien este caso ha sido el más grave para Twitter no será el último a pesar de que cada día más crece la capacidad de defensa y cuidado en redes sociales. Las elecciones que hacemos son en extremo importante y saber qué tipo de plataformas nos brindan las mejores herramientas para cuidad nuestra información y recursos hace parte de la tarea en el cuidado de la seguridad. Faswet usa una blockchain propia que les permite a los usuarios contar con el respaldo de una robusta infraestructura, al tiempo que se rige bajo protocolos de cuidado como el sistema antilavado de dinero y KYC. No corras riesgos, usa Faswet: https://faswet.com/es
Hadn't logged in for a while (waiting for the payout from the hack) and now can't withdraw funds
I hadn't logged into my account for about a year waiting for the last of the payout from the hack and was greeted with not being able to withdraw my funds after I logged in a few weeks ago (had to migrate to the new platform as well)...tried attaching 2FA but still no dice after 2 weeks. I emailed customer support and they are making me submit SS#,Drivers License,Birth city etc. to "Prove" it's me and unlock the account. I have no PID attached to my account so how on earth would that prove it's me? and secondly when did that become a requirement to withdraw funds? I'm not comfortable at all submitting that kind of information to pretty much anybody let alone a company not based in my country of residence. Has anybody else had this experience (is this legit)? Is there anything I can do besides giving up a scary amount of PID? I just want to withdraw my $25 or so of bitcoin.
Hello again. It's been a while. People have been emailing me about once a week or so for the last year to ask if I'm coming back to Bitcoin now that Bitcoin Cash exists. And a couple of weeks ago I was summoned on a thread called "Ask Mike Hearn Anything", but that was nothing to do with me and I was on holiday in Japan at the time. So I figured I should just answer all the different questions and answers in one place rather than keep doing it individually over email. Firstly, thanks for the kind words on this sub. I don't take part anymore but I still visit occasionally to see what people are talking about, and the people posting nice messages is a pleasant change from three years ago. Secondly, who am I? Some new Bitcoiners might not know. I am Satoshi. Just kidding. I'm not Satoshi. I was a Bitcoin developer for about five years, from 2010-2015. I was also one of the first Bitcoin users, sending my first coins in April 2009 (to SN), about 4 months after the genesis block. I worked on various things:
My main effort was an implementation of a Java library called bitcoinj. This was the engine used in the first p2p mobile wallet ("Bitcoin Wallet for Android"), and the first p2p desktop wallet that was faster to run than Bitcoin [Core] itself (MultiBit). These together were responsible for around 2.5 million user installs at a time when downloading the full block chain was becoming too slow for normal users to tolerate and the only alternative was a "bitbank" or cloud-hosted wallet. It was used in the first trustless gambling site (SatoshiDice), over 100 products and projects, and many academic research papers.
With Gavin Andresen and others I designed some upgrades to the Bitcoin protocol like Bloom filtering and BIP70.
With Matt Corrallo I implemented and demonstrated the first version of (micro)payment channels. I put together a demo of a file server that charged micropayments using a GUI called Payfile (mentioned in New Scientist here). I used to have a video of this but unfortunately it no longer seems to be on YouTube. Payment channels went on to be used in the design of the Lightning Network.
You can see a trend here - I was always interested in developing peer to peer decentralised applications that used Bitcoin. But what I'm best known for is my role in the block size debate/civil war, documented by Nathaniel Popper in the New York Times. I spent most of 2015 writing extensively about why various proposals from the small-block/Blockstream faction weren't going to work (e.g. on replace by fee, lightning network, what would occur if no hard fork happened, soft forks, scaling conferences etc). After Blockstream successfully took over Bitcoin Core and expelled anyone who opposed them, Gavin and I forked Bitcoin Core to create Bitcoin XT, the first alternative node implementation to gain any serious usage. The creation of XT led to the imposition of censorship across all Bitcoin discussion forums and news outlets, resulted in the creation of this sub, and Core supporters paid a botnet operator to force XT nodes offline with DDoS attacks. They also convinced the miners and wider community to do nothing for years, resulting in the eventual overload of the main network. I left the project at the start of 2016, documenting my reasons and what I expected to happen in my final essay on Bitcoin in which I said I considered it a failed experiment. Along with the article in the New York Times this pierced the censorship, made the wider world aware of what was going on, and thus my last gift to the community was a 20% drop in price (it soon recovered).
The last two years
Left Bitcoin ... but not decentralisation. After all that went down I started a new project called Corda. You can think of Corda as Bitcoin++, but modified for industrial use cases where a decentralised p2p database is more immediately useful than a new coin. Corda incorporates many ideas I had back when I was working on Bitcoin but couldn't implement due to lack of time, resources, because of ideological wars or because they were too technically radical for the community. So even though it's doesn't provide a new cryptocurrency out of the box, it might be interesting for the Bitcoin Cash community to study anyway. By resigning myself to Bitcoin's fate and joining R3 I could go back to the drawing board and design with a lot more freedom, creating something inspired by Bitcoin's protocol but incorporating all the experience we gained writing Bitcoin apps over the years. The most common question I'm asked is whether I'd come back and work on Bitcoin again. The obvious followup question is - come back and work on what? If you want to see some of the ideas I'd have been exploring if things had worked out differently, go read the Corda tech white paper. Here's a few of the things it might be worth asking about:
Corda's data model is a UTXO ledger, like Bitcoin. Outputs in Corda (called "states") can be arbitrary data structures instead of just coin amounts, so you don't need hacks like coloured coins anymore. You can track arbitrary fungible assets, but you can also model things like the state of a loan, deal, purchase order, crate of cargo etc.
Transactions are structured as Merkle trees.
Corda has a compound key format that can represent more flexible conditions than CHECKMULTISIG can.
Smart contracts are stateless predicates like in Bitcoin, but you can loop like in Ethereum. Unlike Bitcoin and Ethereum we do not invent our own VM or languages.
Transactions can have files attached to them. Smart contracts in Corda are stored in attachments and referenced by hash, so large programs aren't duplicated inside every transaction.
The P2P network is encrypted.
Back in 2014 I wrote that Bitcoin needed a store and forward network, to make app dev easier, and to improve privacy. Corda doesn't have a store and forward network - Corda is a store and forward network.
It has a "flow framework" that makes structured back-and-forth conversations very easy to program. This makes protocols like payment channelss a lot quicker and easier to implement, and would have made Lighthouse much more straightforward. A big part of my goal with Corda was to simplify the act of building complicated decentralised applications, based on those Bitcoin experiences. Lighthouse took about 8 months of full time work to build, but it's pretty spartan anyway. That's because Bitcoin offers almost nothing to developers who want to build P2P apps that go beyond simple payments. Corda does.
The flow framework lets you do hard things quickly. For example, we took part in a competition called Project Ubin, the goal of which was to develop something vaguely analogous in complexity to the Lightning Network or original Ripple (decentralised net-out of debts). But we had about six weeks and one developer. We successfully did that in the time allowed. Compare that to dev time for the Lightning Network.
Corda scales a lot better than Bitcoin, even though Bitcoin could have scaled to the levels needed for large payment networks with enough work and time. It has something similar to what Ethereum calls "sharding". This is possible partly because Corda doesn't use proof of work.
It has a mechanism for signalling the equivalent of hard forks.
It provides much better privacy. Whilst it supports techniques like address randomisation, it also doesn't use global broadcast and we are working on encrypting the entire ledger using Intel SGX, such that no human has access to the raw unencrypted data and such that it's transparent to application developers (i.e. no need to design custom zero knowledge proofs)
Dondice gambling community and a intro to online bitcoin (cryptocurrency) gambling / casino websites
The Dondice Community There are a lot of gamblers around, actually crypto gambling has become quite large with people gambling from all around the world. The idea of Dondice is to create a free- and open community dedicated to online gambling, to have fun with gamblers all around the world, share some tips and trick and provide you with unbiased reviews about all the gambling websites that are out there! If you have any kind of question or if you would like to join the community and help out, please visit and join us on Telegram:
We hope to launch our websiteasap, which will also include all kinds of tips, information, faq and a forum!
Play smart play like a slug - Dondice!
Online Cryptocurrency based Casino's Ever since the rise of Bitcoin there are quite some different cryptocurrencies available, for example: Ethereum, Ripple, Dash, Tezos, Litecoin and many many more.For more informatie about cryptocurrencies itself I would kindly suggest to look on the world-famous search-engine ;)One of the advantages of these digital currencies is that you can easily trade (buy or sell) the coins to your foreign currency f..e (USD). You can store your coins in a personal wallet (tip: buy a hardware wallet like a Ledger) to avoid losing your private- keys or getting hacked. Gambling with crypto Trading crypto on an exchange is a bit of gambling already, right?Buying and Selling coins with the intention to accumulate even more coins, or Fiat money with the risk of losing your funds if the trade doesn't end up as expected.There are tons of Bitcoin related gambling website's (a bit similar to online- casino's that only accepted fiat currencies back in the days).These site's mostly offer popular games like dice, roulette, blackjack, bust, poker, baccarat, craps and slots. Even live sportsbetting betting with crypto coins are available. (You can find more on that in our WiKi which is currently WiP). In order to start playing on those websites, you basically only need to visit the website, register a username (or for more security create an account, including a strong password and 2- Factor authentication [2-FA] enabled), select the cryptocurrency of choice and generate the deposit address. You can now send (deposit) coins from your own personal wallet / or from an exchange to the gamble site! Mostly after 1 confirmation on the blockchain your coin's will be visible and you can immediately start to test your luck! Note:
Some website's offer free "faucet" coins, which are often worth just a few dollar cents. Since faucets have been massively exploited by people and you will see less and less faucets.Instead you often receive a bonus for the amount in Bitcoin you wagered, during your game sessions and/or receive a certain % rakeback. Depending on your rank on the platform, the higher the rake back / bonuses will be.
About DonDice Dondice occidentalis is a species of sea slug, therefore the perfect nickname for online gambling. One of the most important things in online gambling is "patience & money- management", don't gamble money that you cannot afford to lose!!Only play for fun so you are not to generate some sort of income this will comes with stress and you will get in troubles very soon.Because of my experience as a (crypto) gambler, I've seen a lot of different website's offering cryptocurrency based gambling games. Some of these website's are legitimate companies that do feel legit, the support is great and the gaming experience in itself is mostly excellent. BUT there are like on any other spot on the internet "scammers" who run these casino's and basically steal your coins or they have a fraudulent algorithm that makes you lose on certain conditions.I had to experience this myself and lost a lot on that particular website, which is still actively being promoted and used by people who have no clue that they are being scammed.
The /r/XboxOne Game Of The Year Awards 2017 - RESULTS!
Seasons greetings /XboxOne! Thankyou once again for an amazing turnout of voters this year! We had a total of 10,103 responses - And upon removing the 6,822 naughty votes from people who thought they could bot the system (tisk tisk) we arrived at the grand total of 3,281 respondents!
A big thanks to all of you who took the time to fill out the survey.
On with the show!! As always - The votes have been counted correctly, altered based on my own personal bias and edited to reflect the juicy bribes I received in bitcoin and anime hug pillows from publishers. Each winner has been given a prestigious and totally not imaginary /XboxOne exclusive "award", and are celebrated below. As a heads up - By their very nature, these awards will contain mild spoilers. You have been warned BEST SHOOTER
Wolfenstein 2: The New Colossus
Blasting Nazis, robot dogs and the KKK with death lasers in a fictional alternate reality 1960s America? Whats not to love here?! The man who starred in the very first FPS game as we know them; B.J Blazkowicz returns and sets the record straight on just how the shooter genre is done. BEST RPG
Assassins Creed: Origins
Something of a surprise winner this year - The AC series is not known for its RPG flair, but Ubisoft went back to the drawing board with the newest instalment of the franchise and re-imagined AC as a sprawling, open world RPG set in ancient Egypt. Well done Ubisoft. Despite very strong competition from South Park: The Fractured, But Whole, you managed to take the win! Just don't get comfortable in your seats - I have a feeling we will see you back on the award stage very soon... BEST ACTION/ADVENTURE
Assassins Creed: Origins
And by very soon - I mean right now... Never before have we awarded the Action Adventure AND Role Playing Game trophies to the same game - But then again, never before has a game managed to fuse open-world action, platforming and adventure quite so well into a deep RPG system. Truly a new benchmark for the open world genre, AC:O smashed its second-place rival, Shadow of War by over a thousand votes and adds another feather in its hat. BEST NARRATIVE
Wolfenstein 2: The New Colussus
4 awards given out and only 2 games mentioned. Despite very healthy competition in this award from many games, Wolfenstein 2 managed to narrowly outpace its nearest rival, Prey and take the win. Violent, ridiculous and funny - But also poignant, emotional and surprisingly human. Wolfenstein 2 takes one of the most ridiculous storeys ever told in gaming and makes it feel real. BEST FREE TO PLAY GAME
Fortnite: Battle Royale
This was not even a question in the minds of you guys. Epic's somewhat ahemfamiliar take on the battle royale genre utterly decimated the competition this year. Just goes to show that when your original game idea is tanking, there are much worse things you can do than rebuild your game into cartoony PUBG meets Minecraft. Nice one Epic. BEST SINGLE PLAYER CAMPAIGN
Assassins Creed: Origins
This was a close one! Going head to head with Wolfenstein 2 yet again, the sandy expanses of the assassins creed world were just enough to push it into the winning position, by less than 30 votes! The trials and tribulations of Bayek of Siwa were enough to win award number 3 for Ubisoft this year. BEST MULTIPLAYER
Get ready to drop. Not surprisingly, PUBG wins best multiplayer this year. The Xbox is known as the "shooters console" and PUBG is currently the most popular shooter in the entire world - With a staggering 10%+ of all PC gamers on steam having played it (Making it the 6th most popular PC game in the world). It only makes sense that Xbox gamers would catch PUBG mania as well. Congratulations Bluehole! BEST SPORTS GAME
Oh hey, it's that genre that FIFA wins every year! Football is the worlds most popular sport, so it would only make sense that it would be the most popular sports video game as well. In fact, the only gaming franchise that sells more on console than FIFA is COD. Well done EA. Next year we will ship your award early to save time. BEST DRIVING/RACING GAME
Forza Motorsport 7
Oh hey, it's that genre that Forza wins every year! Seriously though, Forza is the undisputed king of racing games. No other racing game series on any other platform comes close to the quality and frequency of releases that the Forza team manage every year. This year was no exception, with FM7 being used as the poster boy for the Xbox One X 4K, 60FPS HDR miracle. Turn 10 utterly obliterated the competition this year by over THREE THOUSAND votes. Possibly the widest margin of victory we have ever seen. Rekt. BEST PLATFORMER
Let's be real for a second - As a pure platformer, Cuphead is average at best. But in its own genre of "Artistic tour de force bullet hell cross boss rush cross platformer cross dark souls with incredible music" - It has no equal. The blue hedgehog made a come back this year with the incredible Sonic Mania, which did VERY well in votes, but it wasn't even close to knocking the crown off of the cup's head. Well done Studio MDHR. BEST HORROR GAME
Resident Evil 7
Resident Evil is the king of the survival horror genre. After years and years of poorly performing sequels, the team went back to the drawing board and re-designed just what it is that makes a Resident Evil game. Despite changing everything from the setting, to the story, to even the player perspective - RE7 Still somehow managed to feel like Resident Evil. On top of that, it was one of the best horror games released this year. Prey and The Evil Within 2 managed to actually tie for second place, but they must both bow before the king. A true return to form from Capcom. BEST SOUNDTRACK
Possibly by virtue of being one of the most original soundtracks in gaming, Cuphead stunned everyone with its old-timey Big Band and Barbershop soundtrack. Noticeable competition came from Prey, which was composed by Mick Gordon (Who won last year's best soundtrack award for DOOM) and Destiny 2 - But they weren't enough to overcome the originality and awesomeness that was Cuphead's soundtrack. Also worth noting that this song is actually sung by a woman. The incredibly talented Alana Bridgewater. BEST "GAME PREVIEW PROGRAM" (EARLY ACCESS) GAME
Award number two for the innovative new franchise. Despite its technical and performance issues on release, the game is still fun enough for the VAST majority of you to overlook. They earned this particular chicken dinner by over 2 thousand votes. Tasty. BEST SOUND DESIGN
Star Wars Battlefront 2
Despite the controversy surrounding the Battlefront series - There is one thing that nobody of sound mind can ever fault the series, and indeed DICE studios themselves for. Sound Design. The pew pew of the blasters, the whroom of the light sabres and the skreeeeeuummmmm of tie fighters all coming through JUST right. Oh, and who could forget the almighty thermal impolder... BEST GRAPHICS
Assassins Creed: Origins
This game is simply stunning. In 4K HDR on the Xbox One X - There is arguably no better-looking game in existence right now. Incredible texture detail, stunning vistas, built up cities, sweeping sand dunes, a draw distance that stretches to infinity and historical accuracy so legit that you can play the game with an Egyptology book on hand and actually compare visual notes and translate the real hieroglyphics. AC:O is one hell of a pretty game. Battlefront 2 put up a good fight, but it was no match for that Ubisoft magic. THE "SHOULD HAVE BEEN DELAYED" AWARD
Mass Effect: Andromeda
Mass Effect: Andromeda was, in what is retrospectively the height of irony, delayed more than once by EA who claimed "We’re willing to make moves in launch dates if we feel that it’s necessary to deliver the right player experience" after their first 5-month delay. It seems that wasn't quite enough. Bad characters, Bad Plot, Bad Glitches - The ME Series hit an all-time low with this instalment. Causing such a stir as to have EA gut the entire development team and then to declare that the Mass Effect franchise is to be shelved indefinitely. Ouch... BEST FREE GAME WITH GOLD
Ryse: Son of Rome
We live in a post Pool Nation FX world. Gaming has peaked. Since then we shamble about aimlessly, lost and alone. We make do with what we are given. Ryse: Son of Rome was a launch game for the Xbox One, that Meme'd on this subreddit only second to PNFX. With weekly threads asking for it to be a GWG, Numerous rumours and hoaxes - The madmen finally did it and gave it to us. So that's it. We defeated Microsoft and have no games left to meme... Soldiers without a war. Is there truly a place left for us in this world? Oh, and the game is alright I guess. MOST BANG-ABLE CHARACTER
The "Retry" button - Cuphead
Easily one of the most smashed menu options in recent memory. This filthy harlot was always there, ready for you to fail. You hated yourself for going back to its arms - But it was always there when you needed it. In the back of your mind, you knew this was an abusive relationship, but nobody truly knows you like the Retry button. Every time you press it, you swear to yourself that was the last time. That is until the next time... Also as always, my mother was a strong contender in the "Other" category, as well as MajorNelson and the Puddle Slime from Slime Rancher. PS - My... uhh... friend says thanks for those fursona pictures. MOST HATED CHARACTER
This was a polarising choice. Seemingly Bungie managed to accomplish the impossible by irritating both the hardcore Destiny 1 fanbase AND the casual audience with a cavalcade of "downgrades", controversies and poor press. From being caught stripping down content to be re-sold as microtransactions through to skimming EXP from players - Destiny 2 has not been a smooth ride. Not even Starwars Battlefront 2 came close to the level of regret felt by long-time Bungie fans.... Again... BEST CONSOLE EXCLUSIVE
What is left for me to say here? Cuphead is one of the most original, well executed and highly decorated games of the year. A stunning achievement for indie developers Studio MDHR - They even got props from the prime minister of Canada himself! Congratulations again guys. You crafted a fun and unique game that took the old school and somehow made it new school. A game that no Xbox One owner should be without, Cuphead is a triumph in every sense of the word. OVERALL BEST GAME OF THE YEAR 2017
Assassins Creed: Origins
Another Close one! With Cuphead and Wolfenstein 2 hot on its heels, it was once again Assassins Creed: Origins that managed to edge ahead of the crowd by a MEASLY 82 votes to pick up its 6th award this year - Making it the most highly decorated game in /XboxOne history. Here is what the results looked like: https://i.imgur.com/rnzBiXH.jpg There seems to be no question at all on your minds as to what the essential game of 2017 is for every Xbox One owner. That game is Assassins Creed: Origins. Ubisoft took a year off in order to make the best new AC game they could and it is obvious that that little extra layer of TLC was exactly what the series needed. If you are a fan of action games, platformers, stealth, hack and slash combat, open world exploration, RPG mechanics, loot, crafting or even just a history buff - You owe it to yourself to play this game. Particularly in 4K HDR on the Xbox One X. Congratulations Ubisoft on your first ever big win on the sub! A big thanks to everyone who voted once again! Looking forward to 2018's wild ride! Love - The mod team.
**Last updated: May 30, 2018: Updated wallet info with release of Trinity. This 4 part series from the IOTA foundation covers most of the technical FUD centered at IOTA. https://blog.iota.org/official-iota-foundation-response-to-the-digital-currency-initiative-at-the-mit-media-lab-part-1-72434583a2 Also the official IOTA faq on iota.org answers nearly all of these questions if you want to hear the answers directly. Purpose of Writing Since posting FUD is so ridiculously low-effort in comparison to setting the record straight, I felt it necessary to put a log of copy-pastas together to balance the scales so its just as easy to answer the FUD as it was to generate it. So next time you hear someone say "IOTA is centralized", you no longer have to take an hour out of your day and spin your wheels with someone who likely had an agenda to begin with. You just copy-paste away and move on. It's also worth mentioning IOTA devs are too damn busy working on the protocol and doing their job to answer FUD. So I felt a semblance of responsibility. Here they are. These answers are too my understanding so if you see something that doesn't look right let me know! They are divided into the following categories so if you are interested in a specific aspect of IOTA you can scroll to that section. 1) WALLET 2) COMMUNITY 3) INVESTING 4) TECHNICAL
IOTA was hacked and users funds were stolen!
First, IOTA was not hacked. The term “hacked” is thrown around way too brazingly nowadays and often used to describe events that weren’t hacks to begin with. Its a symptom of this space growing way too fast creating situations of the blind leading the blind and causing hysteria. What happened: Many IOTA users trusted a certain 3rd party website to create their seed for their wallets. This website silently sent copies of all the seeds generated to an email address and waited till it felt it had enough funds, then it took everyones money simultaneously. That was the ”hack”. https://blog.iota.org/the-secret-to-security-is-secrecy-d32b5b7f25ef The lesson: The absolute #1 marketed feature of crypto is that you are your own bank. Of everything that is common knowledge about crypto, this is at the top. But being your own bank means you are responsible for the security of your own funds. There is no safety net or centralized system in place that is going to bail you out. For those that don’t know (and you really should if you’ve invested in anything crypto), your seed is your username-pw-security question-backup email all rolled into one. Would you trust a no-name 3rd party website to produce your username+pw for your bank account? Because thats essentially what users did. The fix: Make your seed offline with the generators in the sidebar or use dice. This is outlined in the “how to generate wallet and seed” directly following. The trinity and carriota wallets will have seed generators within them upon their release.
How to generate wallet and seed
1) Download official trinity wallet here 2) follow the instructions on the app. 3) Do not run any apps in conjunction with the trinity app. Make sure all other apps are completely closed out on your device.
Are you sure a computer can’t just guess my seed?
An IOTA seed is 81 characters long. There are more IOTA seed combinations than atoms in the universe. All the computers in the world combined would take millions billions of years just to find your randomly generated one that’s located somewhere between the 0th and the 2781st combination. The chance for someone to randomly generate the exact same seed as yours is 1 / (2781). If you can’t fathom the number 27 ^ 81, this video should help: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p8YIdmwcubc
Download Bolero and run! Bolero is an all-in-one full node install package with the latest IOTA IRI and Nelson all under a one-click install! https://github.com/SemkoDev/bolero.fun/releases "If you want to help the network then spam the network. If you really want to help the network then create a full node and let others spam you!"
No questions or concerns get upvoted, only downvoted!
That’s just the nature of this business. Everyone in these communities has money at stake and are extremely incentivized to keep only positive news at the top of the front page. There is nothing you're going to do about that on this subreddit or any crypto subreddit. It's just a reddit fact of life we have to deal with. Everyone has a downvote and everyone has an upvote. But what can be done is just simply answer the questions even if they are downvoted to hell. Yea most people wont' see the answers or discussion but that one person will. every little bit counts. I will say that there are most certainly answers to nearly every FUD topic out there. Every single one. A lot of the posts I'm seeing as of late especially since the price spike are rehashed from months ago. They are often not answered not because there isn't an answeexplanation, but because regulars who have the answers simply don't see them (for the reason listed above). I can see how it's easy for this to be interpreted (especially by new users) as there not being an answer or "the FUDsters are on to something" but thats just not the case.
IOTA Devs do not respond appropriately to criticism
When critiquers provide feedback that is ACTUALLY useful to the devs, then sure they'll be glad to hear it. So far not once has an outside dev brought up something that the IOTA devs found useful. Every single time it ends up being something that was already taken into consideration with the design and if the critiquer did an ounce of research they would know that. Thus you often find the IOTA devs dismissing their opinion as FUD and responding with hostility because all their critique is really doing is sending the message to their supporters that they are not supposed to like IOTA anymore. Nick Johnson was a perfect example of this. The Ethereum community was co-existing [peacefully]with IOTA’s community (as they do with nearly all alt coins) until Nick wrote his infamous article. Then almost overnight Ethereum decided it didn’t like IOTA anymore and we’ve been dealing with that shit since. As of today, add LTC to that list with Charlie’s (even admitting) ignorant judgement of IOTA. 12/17/2017: Add John McAfee (bitcoin cash) and Peter Todd (bitcoin) to the list of public figures who have posted ignorantly on IOTA.
A lot of crypto communities certainly like to hate on IOTA...
IOTA is disrupting the disrupters. It invented a completely new distributed ledger infrastructure (the tangle) that replaces the blockchain and solves all of its fundamental problems (namely fees and scaling). To give you an idea of this significance, 99% of the cryptocurrencies that exist are built on a block chain. These projects have billions of dollars invested into them meaning everyone in their communities are incentivized to see IOTA fail and spread as much FUD about it as possible. This includes well known organizations, public figures, and brands. Everyone commenting in these subreddits and crypto communities have their own personal money at stake and skin in the game. Misinformation campaigns, paid reddit posters, upvote/downvote bots, and corrupt moderators are all very real in this space.
All IOTAs that will ever exist were sold at the ICO in 2015. There was no % reserved for development. Devs had to buy in with their personal money. Community donated back 5% of all IOTA so the IOTA foundation could be setup.
No inflation schedule? No additional coins? How is this sustainable?
Interestingly enough, IOTA is actually the only crypto that does not run into any problems with a currency cap and deflationaryism. Because there are zero fees, you will always be able to pay for something for exactly what it's worth using IOTA, no matter how small the value. If by chance in the future a single iota grows so large in value that it no longer allows someone to pay for something in fractions of a penny, the foundation would just add decimal points allowing for a tenth or a hundreth or a thousandth of an iota to be transacted with. To give you some perspective, if a single IOTA equals 1 penny, IOTA would have a 27 trillion dollar market cap (100x that of Bitcoin's today)
IOTA is not for P2P, only for M2M
With the release of the trinity wallet, it's now dead simple for anyone to use IOTA funds for P2P. Try it out.
Companies technically don’t have to use the IOTA token
Yes they do Worth clarifying that 0 iota data transactions are perfectly fine and are welcomed since they still provide pow for 2 other transactions and help secure the network. In the early stages, these types of transactions will probably be what give us the tps/pow needed to remove the coordinator and allow the network defend 34% attacks organically. But... if someone does not want to sell or exchange their data for free (0 IOTA transaction), then Dominic is saying that the IOTA token must be used for that or any exchange in value on the network. This is inherently healthy for the ecosystem since it provides a neutral and non-profit middle ground that all parties/companies can trust. If one company made their own token it wouldn’t be trusted since companies are incentivized by profits and nothing is stopping them from manipulating their token to make them more money. Thus, the IOTA foundation will not partner with anyone who refuses to take this option off the table.
All these companies are going to influence IOTA development!!
These companies have no influence on the development of IOTA. They either choose to use it or they don’t.
Internet of things is cheap and will stay cheap
Internet of things is one application of IOTA and considered by many to be the 4th industrial revolution. Go do some googling. IOTA having zero fees enables M2M for the first time in history. Also, if a crypto can do M2M it sure as shit can do M2P and P2P. M2M is hard mode.
Investing in a project in its early stages was something typically reserved for wealthy individuals/organizations before ICO’s became a thing. With early investing comes much less hand holding and more responsibility on the user to know what they are doing. If you have a hard time accepting this responsibility, don’t invest and wait for the technology to get easier for you. How many people actually knew how to use and mine bitcoin in 2009 before it had all its gui infrastructure? IOTA is a tangle, the first of its kind. NOT a copy paste blockchain. As a result wallets and applications for IOTA are the first of their kind and translating the tangle into a nice clean user-friendly blockchain experience for the masses is even more taxing.
Why is the price of my coin falling?!
This may be the most asked question on any crypto subreddit but it's also the easiest to explain. The price typically falls when bad things happen to a coin or media fabricates bad news about a coin and a portion of investors take it seriously. The price increases when good things happen to a coin, such as a new exchange listing or a partnership announced etc.. The one piece that is often forgotten but trumps all these effects is something called "market forces". Market forces is what happens to your coin when another coin gets a big news hit or a group of other coins get big news hits together. For example, when IOTA data marketplace released, IOTA hit a x5 bull run in a single week. But did you notice all the other alt coins in the red? There are a LOT of traders that are looking at the space as a whole and looking to get in on ANY bull action and will sell their other coins to do so. This effect can also be compounded over a long period of time such as what we witnessed when the bitcoin fork FOMO was going on and alt coins were squeezed continuously to feed it for weeks/months. These examples really just scratch the surface of market forces but the big takeaway is that your coin or any coin will most certainly fall (or rise) in price at the result of what other coins are doing, with the most well known example being bitcoin’s correlation to every coin on the market. If you don't want to play the market-force game or don't have time for it, then you can never go wrong buying and holding. It's also important to note that there are layers of investors. There's a top layer of light-stepping investors that are a mixture of day traders and gamblers trying to jump in and jump out to make quick money then look for the next buying (or shorting) opportunity at another coin. There's a middle layer of buyers and holders who did their research, believe in the tech and placing their bets it will win out in the long run. And the bottom layer are the founders and devs that are in it till the bitter end and there to see the vision realized. When a coin goes on a bull run, always expect that any day the top layer is going to pack up and leave to the next coin. But the long game is all about that middle layer. That is the layer that will be giving the bear markets their price-drop resistance. That is why the meme "HODL" is so effective because it very elegantly simplifies this whole concept for the common joe and makes them a part of that middle layer regardless if they understand whats going on or not.
How is IOTA free and how does it scale
IOTA is an altruistic system. Proof of work is done in IOTA just like bitcoin. Only a user’s device/phone must do pow for 2 other transactions before issuing one of its own. Therefore no miners and no fees. And the network becomes faster the more transactions are posted. Because of this, spamming the network is encouraged since they provide pow for 2 other transactions and speed up the network.
IOTA is centralized
IOTA is more decentralized than any blockchain crypto that relies on 5 pools of miners, all largely based in China. Furthermore, the coordinator is not a server in the dev’s basement that secretly processes all the transactions. It’s several nodes all around the globe that add milestone transactions to show the direction of the IF’s tangle within the DAG so people don’t accidentally follow a fork from a malicious actor. Anyone with the know-how can fork the tangle right now with a double-spend. But no one would follow their fork because the coordinator reveals which tangle is the legit IF one. If the coordinator wasn’t there (assuming low honest-transaction volume), there would be no way to discern which path to follow especially after the tangle diverges into forks of forks. Once throughout of honest transactions is significant enough, the “honest tangle” will replace the coordinated one and people will know which one to follow simply because it’s the biggest one in the room. Referencing the coordinator is also optional. Also, if you research and understand how IOTA intends to work without the coordinator, it’s easier to accept it for now as training wheels. I suggest reading pg 15 and on of the white paper analyzing in great depth how the network will defend different attack scenarios without a coordinator. For the past several months, IOTA foundation has been using St Petersburg college’s super computer to stress test IOTA and learn when they can turn the coordinator off. There will likely be a blog about the results soon. This is another great read covering double spends on IOTA without a coordinator: www.tangleblog.com/2017/07/10/is-double-spending-possible-with-iota/ This too: http://www.reddit.com/Iota/comments/7eix4a/any_iota_guru_that_can_explain_what_this_guy_is/dq5ijrm Also this correspondence with Vitalik and Come_from_Beyond https://twitter.com/DavidSonstebo/status/932510087301779456 At the end of the day, outstanding claims require outstanding evidence and folks approaching IOTA with a “I’ll believe it when I see it” attitude is completely understandable. It’s all about your risk tolerance.
Masked authenticated messages exist right now so data can be transferred privately. Very important for businesses.
Centralized coin mixer is out that foundation runs. Logs are kept so they can collect data and improve it Folks can copy the coin mixer code and run it themselves. Goal is for mixer to be decentralized and ran by any node.
How do nodes scale? How on earth can all that data be stored?
Full nodes store, update and verify from the last snapshot, which happens roughly every month. Its on the roadmap to make snapshotting automatic and up to each full node’s discretion.With automatic snapshots, each full node will act as a partial perma-node and choose when to snapshot its tangle data. If someone wants to keep their tangle data for several months or even years, they could just choose not to snapshot. Or if they are limited on hard drive space, they could snapshot every week. Perma-nodes would store the entire history of the tangle from the genesis. These are optional and would likely only be created by companies who wish to sell historical access of the tangle as a service or companies who heavily use the tangle for their own data and want to have quick, convenient access to their data’s history. Swarm nodes are also in development which will ease the burden on full nodes. https://blog.iota.org/iota-development-roadmap-74741f37ed01
Kickstarter Roundup: Feb 4, 2018 | 25 Ending Soon (including: Nemesis) & 51 New This Week (including: Xia expansions)
What this is:
This is a weekly, curated listing of Kickstarter tabletop games projects that are either:
newly posted in the past 7 days, or
ending in the next 7 days (starting tomorrow) and have at least a fighting chance of being funded.
All board game projects meeting those criteria will automatically be included, no need to ask. (But the occasional non-board game project may also sneak in!) Expect new lists each Sunday sometime between 12:00am and 12:00pm PST.
FATESLAYER A set of 32mm miniatures set in dark fantasy. All produced in-house and in resin for maximum detail. (Has currently earned $11,590 of $6,000)
The Red Dragon Inn 7: The Tavern Crew With pockets full of adventurers' gold, it's finally time for the staff to take a break! The crew of the Red Dragon Inn join the party! (Has currently earned $120,182 of $10,000)
Deja Vu: Fragments of Memory A game played with an innovative "Binary System" of Mancala sowing and Tableau Building. Beautiful theme, easy to learn, fun to play! (Has currently earned HK$522,088 of HK$60,000)
PolyHero Dice - Rogue Set From the shadows rolls a PolyHero Dice Set for heroes of a more mysterious kind. Rogues, Thieves, Assassins... steal yourself a set! (Has currently earned $182,892 of $50,000)
GO ECO: The Classic game of survival. The card game that allows you to Attack, Defend, Kill, Protect Steal, Trap, Hack and Surrender!!. It's all happening on your tabletop! (Has currently earned $2,563 CAD of $15,000 CAD)
Agents of Mayhem: Pride of Babylon Pride of Babylon is a story-driven 3D tactical boardgame based on the newest video game in the Saint’s Row universe - Agents of Mayhem. (Has currently earned $90,211 of $30,000)
Animo: A Living Deck Bible Verse Card Game Animo is 1 product with 3 uses: A 2-player Strategy Game, a Family Style Game, and a Parenting Tool for encouraging biblical values. (Has currently earned $6,197 of $7,500)
Arena Game Mats EXTRA LARGE 20in x 32in KS Exclusive Arena Game Mats for your gaming purposes. (Has currently earned $426 of $25)
Arkon Arkon is a fast paced, non-linear strategy card game that employs a unique bidding based resource system and multi-use cards! (Has currently earned $13,313 of $5,000)
Arrows - A Game with a Point ARROWS is a collection of unique arrow playing cards and rules for 4 intriguing and engaging games. It's different - it's FUN! (Has currently earned $149 of $2,500)
Battledigm A fast-paced, two player deck building card game (Has currently earned $1,160 of $3,000)
Earth Chan CCG Nani?! An Earth Chan Collectible Card Game?!? (Has currently earned $150 AUD of $15,000 AUD)
Endeavor: Age of Sail Lead an empire in the Age of Sail; make your mark on history as the maps of the world unfold! Gripping Euro strategy for 2-5 players. (Has currently earned $208,730 CAD of $75,000 CAD)
Eternal Kings Welcome to Eternal Kings — the game that combines the classic strategy of chess with the diverse combos of a card game! (Has currently earned $9,017 of $20,000)
Hammered Heroes - Standard Edition A balanced strategy game with attitude that's designed to get your drinking friends into card games and your card game friends drunk. (Has currently earned $7,192 of $10,000)
Herbalism Can you outsmart your friends and be the first to save the world from a terrible pandemic in this logic and deduction game? (Has currently earned $16,720 of $10,000)
Rep Your City!® Board Game (Detroit) A 2 to 10 player trivia and strategy board game all about Detroit. Other major cities coming soon, but we need your support! (Has currently earned $1,364 of $5,000)
Bitcoin Scams From the Beginning: Crypto's Biggest Hacks, Historical Timeline and User Security Guide. Bitcoin, in all of its glory over the past decade since its inception in January 2009, still has many red flags and black holes to overcome such as fraudulent scams and malicious hacks, as well as smart custody solutions. DuckDice is a design-driven Bitcoin dice game with Faucet. Aiming to become the best cryptocurrency dice game available on the internet! We are working hard to maintain our reputation of fair Bitcoin dice among many other online casinos and your trust is our priority. DuckDice offers free features: Multiple currencies: Bitcoin (BTC), Litecoin (LTC), Dogecoin (DOGE), Ethereum (ETH), Dash (DASH ... Freebitco.in Fully Automated Free Roll Collector Script that collects your free bitcoin, bonus and activates additional rewards for you every hour automatically. It is activated by the page when the timer runs down. You must go to the FREE BTC tab and click "Play Without CaPtcha". Then you just leave the page open and let the script do all the work. Click on "Play Without Captcha" on the FREE ... Nov 2, 2019 . ... trusted Bitcoin dice game. Instantly register and claim free bitcoins from our faucet.PrimeDice ...Duration: 3:33 Posted: Nov 2, 2019. PrimeDice Script 2020. Apr 7, 2020 . You must be logged in to post a comment. Tagged dice bot, primedice bot, primedice cheat, primedice hack, primedice script, primedice strategy, ... Primedice Hack 2019 ! NEW SCRIPT BITCOIN PROFIT BTC ETH ... Dice roll is a winning roll of 7.777 or 77.777; Last two digits of Server seed + client seed combined and encrypted in SHA512 are 77 (the Jackpot number if you click on betID) Bet amount and profit have to be at least 0.00000100 BitCoin. You will receive 100% of the Jackpot if win amount is above 0.0050 BitCoin. If win amounts is lower, you ...